Neural Network Charting Software

Pocket Charts User Manual

Quick Start
Chart Screen
The Main Menu
The Main Toolbar
Querying a datum
Zooming In
Zooming Out
Getting Quotes
The Note Screen
Symbol List Screen
Tap'n'Hold menu
The Note Icon
Application Settings
Using a proxy server
Chart Setup Screen
MACD
STOC
BOLL
RSI
AVG
VOL


Quick Start

Make sure that your PDA is connected to the Internet via active synch. In active synch go to the 'Options' dialog, click the 'Rules' tab, and make sure that 'Pass Through' is set to 'The Internet'.

When you have an Internet connection, click the 'List/Add Symbol' icon. In the Symbol List Screen press the plus icon. You will be prompted to enter a new ticker symbol: enter IBM and press OK. You will then be prompted for a name label: enter International Business Machines and press OK. You should now see the software download and store the price data for IBM. After a few seconds the download should have completed and you should see your new data set appear in the list. Simply double tap the data set in order to open the chart screen for it.

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The Chart Screen

The Chart Screen

Above is a screen shot of the main charting screen. This screen contains the interactive chart area allowing you to zoom in and out of the data set as well as querying individual datum. The bottom of the screen contains the main menu and the main toolbar.

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The Main Menu

The main charting screen contains a popup menu in the bottom left. The menu items are listed and described here:

Chart Type
This popup menu item allows you to choose one of three chart types for the currently displayed chart, those types being: Japanese Candlesticks, Bars and Lines.

Once you select a new chart type, your selection is remembered every time you view the chart. In other words, each security can have a different chart type.

Day Range
This popup menu allows you to quickly select the number of chart ticks (days) that you wish to view in one horizontal chart width, simply select the preset range that you wish to use. The ranges available are:
Last 25 Days,
Last 50 Days,
Last 100 Days,
Last 200 Days,
Last 300 Days,
Last 400 Days,
Last 500 Days,
Show All Days.

List/Add Symbols
This accesses the symbol list screen. From there you can select another stock, add more stocks and update your data via the Internet.

Chart Setup
This accesses the Chart Setup screen for the stock that you are currently charting, allowing you to add/remove technical analysis indicators.

App Setup
Tapping this menu item will take you to the application settings screen. This screen allows you to adjust the permanently stored application settings.

Get Quotes
Tapping this menu item will take you to the quotes screen which will give you at a glance quotes on all the symbols that you're currently following.

Edit/View Note
Tapping this will take you to the note editing screen for the chart currently in View

Software Update
Tapping this will cause PocketCharts to check online for a newer version of itself. If a newer version is found then you will be informed and you should then go and download the latest version and install it on your PocketPC. Newer versions can be installed over the top of older versions. Your existing chart data should remain intact.

Help
Tapping this will take you instantly to the help manual for the application. Which is in fact what you're reading right now!

About
This takes you to the about screen where you're able to view such information as registration status, application version etc.

Quit
Tapping this will exit the application. It won't just put the application into the background but it will actually close it, similar to closing via the task manager. Although Microsoft recommends against giving the user the ability to end applications via the GUI, we thought that you'd like it.

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The Main Toolbar

The Main Toolbar

List/Add Symbols
This accesses the symbol list screen. From there you can select another stock, add more stocks and update your data via the Internet.

Chart Setup
This accesses the Chart Setup screen for the stock that you are currently charting, allowing you to add/remove technical analysis indicators.

Get Quotes
This takes you to the quotes screen where you are able to download quotes from the Internet.

Edit/View Note
Every stock in the system has a note file associated with it. Tapping this icon takes you to the note screen.

Zoom In/Out
These icons allow you to change the time scale of the current chart, see Zooming In and Zooming out.

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Querying a Datum

To query a point on the chart, simply tap the chart with the stylus. Dragging enables you to see the percentage change of the price over the drag range. To clarify things look at the screen shot below:

Querying a Datum

In this particular case the user tapped the screen at circle 1 and dragged to circle 2. The box has the following information:

The date: 10-10-2001
Days open price: 53.60
Days high price: 55.75
Days low price: 53.00
Days close price: 55.52
Change from tap point 1: +4.64%
Change for 10-10-2001: +3.56%

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Zooming In

Step 1
The screen shot below shows two years worth of price history for Microsoft® stock. In order to zoom into a specific region you must first tap the 'Zoom In' icon highlighted here with the circle.

Zooming In 1

Step 2
You will now be told to 'Select Zoom Range'. You must drag your stylus over the range that you wish to zoom in to. The circles in the screen below represent the drag start/stop points.

Zooming In 2

Step 3
Upon releasing the stylus from the screen the application will zoom into your selected range as shown below.

Zooming In 3

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Zooming Out

To zoom out simply tap the 'Zoom Out' icon highlighted below with the circle.

Zooming Out

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Symbol List Screen

The Symbol List Screen

Above is a screen shot of the symbol list screen. This screen contains a list of all the ticker symbols that you are currently following with Pocket Charts. To activate the chart for any ticker, simply double click on the row corresponding to the symbol in question.

By tapping a row and holding it you access the tap'n'hold menu for that particular ticker symbol.

The circle highlights the note icon.

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The Tap'n'Hold Menu

By tapping a row in the symbol list and holding the stylus down, you access the tap'n'hold menu as shown below.

The Tap'n'Hold Menu

An action is performed on the highlighted data set depending on the menu item pressed. Chart opens the chart screen. Update will perform a web update on the data set relating to the ticker symbol. Rename allows you to change the name of the data set.Export allows you to save the data set to a file of your choice. The data is saved in comma delimited format with a header. Delete removes the symbol from the list and clears the associated data from disk. Notes accesses the note screen for the data set.

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The Note Icon

The notepad icon in the left column of the list represents the notes for the stock to the right of it. The icon has two visual states as described below.

Empty Note Icon= The notes are empty.
Written Note Icon= The notes have content.

To begin editing the note, whether it is empty or not, simply double tap the icon.

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The Quotes Screen

Realtime Quote Screen

This screen shows quotes for all of the ticker symbols that you are currently monitoring in Pocket Charts. You must be connected to the Internet in order to download the latest quotes. If you're not connected to the internet then your are shown the last known quotes, taken at the time when you were last connected to the internet.

The quotes are usually, at most, 20 minutes old. You can refresh the quote list by tapping the refresh icon circled in the above screen shot Tapping the OK icon will take you back to the chart screen.

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The Note Screen

The Note Screen

This screen allows you to type in your own notes about a particular data set. Your currently selected input device, keyboard, transcriber etc. is automatically opened. After you have completed your note simply tap the OK icon.

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Application Settings Screen

Application Settings Screen

This screen is accesible through the applications bottom left menu.

This screen allows you to adjust various application settings which are permanently stored between separate sessions of PocketCharts. The setting are as follows:

Proxy Server Settings
Many companies use firewalls to protect their corporate networks. Any employee wishing to connect to the internet must use what's called a proxy server. This proxy server is a single entrance to the internet that the employees can use. The reason that proxies are used is because it's easier to make a single entrance secure than it is to secure many entrances, common sense really.

If you wish to connect to the internet via a proxy server then make sure that the 'Use proxy server at this address' checkbox is ticked and fill the textfield with your proxy address.

A proxy address usually consists of a name or number and a port number. You should be able to obtain your proxy address off your companies system administrator.

For example a valid address might look something like this:
217.206.226.150:80

In the above address example you can see an IP address (217.206.226.150) followed by the port number (port 80). Notice how the port number follows a colon (:).

A valid proxy address may also consist of various characters like this:
foo.bar.servername.nl:1080

Data Download Settings
These settings allow you to configure how PocketCharts downloads fresh stock data. The variables are as follows:

Always use split adjusted data feed
When this box is ticked then split adjusted data is used every time a ticker is refreshed. Otherwise the non split adjusted close price is used. This is ticked by default.

Years History
The number of years worth of data that should be downloaded upon a chart or symbol refresh. The default value is 1 year. The minimum value is 1 year and the maximum value is 5 years. One should note that data refreshes will take considerably longer if you use a high number here.

Data Method (this item is removed from v1.30 onwards)
This allows you to select from one of four different data refresh methods, a summary of each different method follows:

Method1:
Old data not cleared first. New data is merged onto end. Whole set is then bubble sorted.

Method2:
Old data not cleared first. New data is merged onto end.

Method3:
Old data cleared first. New data is then downloaded and bubble sorted.

Method4:
Old data cleared first. New data is then downloaded.

It is recommended that you use method 2, unless you are having problems with your chart data being mixed up or incomplete, in which case you should try the other methods by selecting them and then refreshing your chart.

Default Ticks
This represents the number of days that a new chart should display by default. The number can be anything from 5 to 60.

Joypad Scroll
This number defines how many chart datums will be scrolled when the user presses the joypad LEFT or RIGHT. The default is 8. The minimum is 1. The maximum is 100. Using the joypad to scroll is handy when you're trying to get a feel for a chart, for example you can look at a charts history and try and predict by eye which way the next datum will fall by simply clicking slowly right.

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Chart Setup Screen

The Chart Setup Screen

This screen allows you to fully configure the currently displayed chart in the chart screen. You will notice a row of 'tabs' at the top of the screen. Tapping each tab gives you access to a different technical overlay setup. To make a particular overlay become active, simply check the 'Visible On Chart' box. The technical overlays available are:

MACD
STOC
BOLL
RSI
AVG
VOL

A drop-down list allows you to select the 'Price Chart Type'. Japanese Candlesticks, Open/Close/High/Low Bar and Line(Close Only) options are available.

There is a check-box labeled 'Show Setup Variables On Chart'. When ticked the setup variables for each technical overlay that is currently being displayed will be visible in gray text at the top left in the chart screen.

There are two buttons at the bottom of the screen. The left one ('Make Default be This') allows you to save any configuration as default. The right one ('Make This be Default') enables you to recall the default that was previously set. So, if you have a chart setup that you are particularly fond of, simply enter the chart setup screen and press 'Make Default be This'. This has now saved your favorite setup as the universal default. Hence, whenever you access another chart and press 'Make This be Default', the chart on view will display the setup that you are fond of.

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MACD

Moving Average Convergence Divergence

MACD Example Screen

The MACD by its mathematical construction tends to be more stable than other momentum indicators. The yellow line is the moving average of the MACD, it's called the signal line. A buy signal is given when the red MACD line crosses the yellow signal line from below, as highlighted by the circle in the picture. Alternatively, a sell signal is given when the red MACD line crosses the signal line from above. For more accurate predictions this indicator should be used in conjunction with another momentum indicator such as RSI or STOC.

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STOC

Full Stochastic Oscillator

The Full Stochastic Oscillator takes three parameters. The first parameter is the number of periods used to create the initial black line. The third parameter is the number of periods used to create the red signal line. The additional parameter in the middle is a "smoothing factor" for the initial black line.

The Full Stochastic Oscillator is more advanced and more flexible than its Fast and Slow cousins. It can even be used to duplicate the other versions. For example, a (14, 3) Fast Stochastic is equivalent to a (14, 1, 3) Full Stochastic and a (12, 2) Slow Stochastic is equal to a (12, 3, 2) Full Stochastic.

Readings below 20 are considered oversold, whilst readings above 80 are considered overbought. However, a reading above 80 is not necessarily bearish nor a reading below 20 bullish. Securities can continue to rise after the Stochastic Oscillator has reached 80 and continue to fall after the Stochastic Oscillator has reached 20. It is believed that some of the best signals occur when the oscillator moves from overbought territory back below 80 and from oversold territory back above 20.

Buy and sell signals can also be given when black crosses above or below red. However, crossover signals are quite frequent and can result in a lot of whipsaws. In the screen shot the circles highlight sell and buy signals. The signals displayed are considered fairly strong because they occurred above and below the 80% and 20% lines, respectively.

One of the most reliable signals is to wait for a divergence to develop from overbought or oversold levels. For example, once the oscillator reaches overbought levels, wait for a negative divergence to develop that will reduce the reading below 80. This usually requires a double dip, whereby the first drop results in the said fall below 80 and only the second dip results in the sell signal. Similarly, for a buy signal wait for a positive divergence to develop to move the indicator back above 20. Again, the first rise will usually need to be disregarded. Once the signal is on the increase, the second break above 20 confirms the positive divergence and a buy signal is given.

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BOLL

Bollinger Bands

BOLL Example Screen

Developed by John Bollinger, Bollinger Bands are an indicator that allows users to compare volatility and relative price levels over a period time. The indicator consists of three bands designed to encompass the majority of a security's price action:

A simple moving average (SMA) in the middle.

An upper band (SMA plus 2 standard deviations).

A lower band (SMA minus 2 standard deviations).

Standard deviation is a statistical term that provides a good indication of volatility. Using the standard deviation ensures that the bands will react quickly to price movements and reflect periods of high and low volatility. Sharp price increases (or decreases), and hence volatility, will lead to a widening of the bands.

A buy signal occurs when the price drops below the lower deviation line. A sell signal when the price rises above the upper deviation. Example signals are highlighted circles in the screen shot.

Bollinger bands should be tweaked to suit each different stock, by widening the deviation you make the buy/sell signals less sensitive.

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RSI

Relative Strength Index

The Relative Strength Index is an extremely useful and popular momentum oscillator. The RSI compares the magnitude of a stock's recent gains to the magnitude of its recent losses and turns that information into a number that ranges from 0 to 100. It takes a single parameter: the number of time periods to use in the calculation. We recommends using 14 periods.

Overbought/Oversold
It is recommended to use 70 and 30 as overbought and oversold levels, respectively. Generally, if the RSI rises above 30 it is considered bullish for the underlying stock. Conversely, if the RSI falls below 70, it is a bearish signal. Some traders identify the long-term trend and then use extreme readings for entry points. If the long-term trend is bullish, then oversold readings could mark potential entry points.

Turning Points
Strong turning points at extreme values can represent buy and sell signals, in the screen shot a buy signal is highlighted. Notice how the buy signal is a turning point upward that occurred below the 20% line.

Divergences
Buy and sell signals can also be generated by looking for positive and negative divergences between the RSI and the underlying stock. For example, consider a falling stock whose RSI rises from a low point of (for example) 15 back up to say, 55. Because of how the RSI is constructed, the underlying stock will often reverse its direction soon after such a divergence. As in that example, divergences that occur after an overbought or oversold reading usually provide more reliable signals.

Centerline Crossover
The centerline for RSI is 50. Readings above and below can give the indicator a bullish or bearish tilt. On the whole, a reading above 50 indicates that average gains are higher than average losses and a reading below 50 indicates that losses are winning the battle. Some traders look for a move above 50 to confirm bullish signals or a move below 50 to confirm bearish signals.

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AVG

Moving Average

Trend-Following Indicator
Moving averages smooth out a data series and make it easier to identify the direction of the trend. Because past price data is used to form moving averages, they are considered lagging, or trend following, indicators. Moving averages will not predict a change in trend, but rather follow behind the current trend. Therefore, they are best suited for trend identification and trend following purposes, not for prediction.

When to Use
Because moving averages follow the trend, they work best when a security is trending and are ineffective when a security moves in a trading range. With this in mind, investors and traders should first identify securities that display some trending characteristics before attempting to analyze with moving averages. This process does not have to be a scientific examination. Usually, a simple visual assessment of the price chart can determine if a security exhibits characteristics of trend.

In its simplest form, a security's price can be doing only one of three things: trending up, trending down or trading in a range. An up trend is established when a security forms a series of higher highs and higher lows. A downtrend is established when a security forms a series of lower lows and lower highs. A trading range is established if a security cannot establish an up trend or downtrend. If a security is in a trading range, an up trend is started when the upper boundary of the range is broken and a downtrend begins when the lower boundary is broken.

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VOL

Trade Volume

This overlay simply shows the trade volume for each datum. Because the numbers can be large a multiplier suffix is often used. In the example we have a maximum volume of 2.99 Million displayed. The suffixes are

K=Thousand
M=Million
G=Billion
T=Trillion

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